К ПРОБЛЕМЕ КОНСТРУКТИВНЫХ ОСОБЕННОСТЕЙ СТРОЕНИЙ ДВОРЦА ШИРВАНШАХОВ В БАКУ

доктор архитектуры проф. Райха Амензаде

Азербайджан, Баку, Институт архитектуры и искусства

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Abstract.

In the article the author dwells on the constructive features of the buildings and structures of one of the few well-preserved palace complexes of the East — Shirvanshah’s palace in Baku. Structurally — technical developments of vaulted — dome systems of the palace complex complex lead architects to new discoveries in the field of curvilinear overlappings. Appearing spectacular architectural compositions, in which were used artfully laid arches and domes of faceted and spherical shape, based on the drums. who acquired considerable height and harmony in the voluminous compositions of the ceremonial buildings. The transition from the walls of the body of the structure to the dome cover is carried out by means of several leading lines of podkupolnyh structures, each of which absorbed the variety of all possible variants: trompas, stalactite and thyroid — spherical sails of all possible sketches.

Keywords: Palace of Shirvanshahs, portal, hamam, vaulted — dome tectonics, construction
equipment, under dome structures

References

1. Андреев Л. В. В мире оболочек. М., 1986
2. Райха Амензаде. Композиционные закономерности монументальных сооружений
Азербайджана. Баку, 2007